Dear friends. The values we hold and what influences what we think and what we decide is a really important study. We are far less independent minded than we think. How we think and act are influenced to a greater or lesser extent by the prevailing ideas that circulate in the predominant culture. To put it briefly, ideas have consequences. For example, we only have to think of the predominant ideas that were circulating in Germany that led to the rise of National Socialism and to the rise of Hitler. In this video, Bishop Robert Barron explores the thought of four significant thinkers, two German and two French who continue to have an enormous influence on our thinking and behaving in the Western world today.